OBJECT FOVUS -IN, -AN, and I- VERBS:
The suffixes –in and –an and the prefix i - when used as affixes of the verbs indicate that the subject of the sentence is the object or the goal of the action. They are usually used in verbs indicating a manner of cooking.
Verb Affix Verb Actor Object (subject)
-in tanggalin (mo) ang buto.
(You) remove the bones.
-an pakuluan (mo) ang manok.
(You) boil the chicken.
-i iluto (mo) ang pansit.
(You) cook the pansit.
THE –IN OBJECT-FOCUS SUFFIX: The infinitive form of the –in verb is formed by suffixing the –in to the root word.
Root + in Infinitive
alis + in alisin
himay + in himayin
Alisin mo ang kawali sa apoy. Remove the frying pan from the heat.
Himayin mo ang manok. Shred the chicken
If the root ends in a vowel sound, -hin is suffixed to the root. A syllable ending in a glottal stop (') after a vowel does not end in a vowel sound. A glottal stop is considered a consonant.
timpla + in timplahin
adobo + in adobohin
hiwa' + in hiwa'in > hiwain
basa' + in basa'in > basain
Timplahin mo ang sabaw. Season the broth/soup.
Adobohin mo ang manok. Cook the chicken into adobo.
Hiwain mo ang repolyo. Slice the cabbage.
Basain mo ang tuwalya. Wet the towel.
Constructing the Verb Aspect of the –in Verb:
Completed Aspect: Place the -in before the first vowel of the root:
in + alis inalis 'removed'
in + himay hinimay 'shredded'
Inalis ni Carol ang kawali sa apoy. Carol removed the frying pan from the heat/fire.
Hinimay ni Margie ang manok. Margie shredded the chicken.
(Note: In the examples above, the OBJECT/RECEIVER of the action which is the subject is a common noun preceded by an ang. The DOER/ACTOR of the action which is a proper name is preceded with a ni. )
Incompleted Aspect: Reduplicate the first syllable of the root and then insert the –in- before the first vowel.
Root First syllable is reduplicated in is inserted before the first vowel
alis aalis inaalis '(is) removing'
himay hihimay hinihimay '(is) shredding'
Inaalis ng kusinero ang kawali sa apoy. The cook is removing the frying pan form the heat/fire.
Hinihimay ng babae ang manok. The woman is shredding the chicken.
(Note that NG is the marker for the common noun DOER of an OBJECT FOCUS verb.)
Contemplated Aspect: Reduplicate the first vowel of the infinitive form.
Root Infinitive form First syllable is reduplicated
alis alisin aalisin 'will remove'
himay himayin hihimayin 'will shred'
Aalisin ko ang kawali sa apoy. I will remove the frying pan from the heat/fire.
Hihimayin mo ang manok. You will shred the chicken.
NG PRONOUN CHART - These are the actors or doers of Object Focus verbs.
First Person: ko namin (exclusive)
Second Person: mo ninyo
Third Person: niya nila
A.Construct the infinitive form, completed, incompleted, and contemplated aspects of the following in- verbs often used for cooking:
Root Infinitive Completed Incompleted Contemplated
(to cut with a knife)
( to cut in half)
(to cut with scissors)
(to cut with a knife)
(to pulverize by pounding)
(to flatten by pounding)
[to beat egg(s)]
B. Express the following in Filipino:
1. Slice the potatoes.
2. Cut (with a knife) the carrots in half.
3. Margie cooked adobo.
4. Carol cut (with scissors) the lumpia wrapper.
5. The man is cutting (with a big knife) the young coconut.
6. The cook is pounding three cloves of garlic
7. We will pound a kilo of ginger for a ginger ale.
8. She will beat five eggs for the cake.